Why is the history of creating iPhones so affecting the minds of users, and its creator has become a legend of the mobile industry and led his company into the most recognizable trend in the whole world? Because Steve Jobs was able to create a product that set the direction for the development of the industry as a whole.
Yes, this person significantly influenced the world of computer technology, but he became more famous as the creator of mobile devices. Led by Jobs, Apple products won the hearts of the people by releasing smartphones based on capacitive touchscreen technologies. Today you can hardly meet someone who does not know who exactly invented the iPhone.
Mobile gadgets are so tightly attached to reality that they have changed the space around us, having made a revolution in consciousness and lifestyle. We have instant access to e-mail, we can receive news in real time, order tickets, products, services. We are always in touch with family and friends, partners and work colleagues.
Apple has begun to develop the world of mobile products with the development of MP3 players. Having released the first iPod in 2001, the company confidently entered the music industry. At that time, there was not a single portable music device that would also greatly change the musical culture.
For several years, iPod players have become the best-selling in the world. This was facilitated by the company’s motto – “1000 songs in your pocket.” Apple has analyzed other music players on the market and developed its own revolutionary, thoughtful approach designed to ensure the smooth running of iTunes software for music devices.
Pursuing the improvement of the iPod, the company’s engineers decided to invent a phone with the function of listening to music.
The phones that existed at that time seemed inconvenient and cumbersome. The iPhone author was obsessed with creating a user-oriented gadget. Realizing that trying to make a small phone work like a computer is a huge waste of time and resources, the company developed a simple operating system, equipped it with a 3.5-inch touchscreen with a convenient user interface, and got a new product – the first iPhone.
Modern people perceive smartphones as commonplace. In 2007, the iPhone was the crown of world engineering, which led mankind from primitive life to the digital age. When the first device of this series appeared, it became clear that the iPhone is a concentration of long-term computer and technological developments.
Apple made the leap by installing a full-fledged computer operating system on an iPhone along with several small application programs. Some of them were associated with the phone, including a program that handled the dialing and receiving of calls, and a new way to display voice mail messages. Of course, iPod’s music features were also included in the structure of the smartphone.
The prospect of creating a full-featured laptop computer has changed the opinion of users and manufacturers of mobile phones. For the manufacturer, the software on the iPhone has become much more important than the hardware. It was with his help that the keyboard was brought to the screen, providing the function of the touch set.
The combined capabilities of the MP3 player, computer and phone received the first iPhone 2G. And its characteristics pushed the smartphone to the leading places in sales:
- Touch screen technology with a backlight and a diagonal of 3.5 “;
- OP 128 MB;
- Camera with a resolution of 2 MP;
- The ability to use 2G networks;
- The presence of Wi-Fi and Bluetooth;
- Flash memory 4GB, 8GB, 16 GB.
The first model of iPhone 2G did not have the advantages that it has now – it could not record video, it was impossible to send music and pictures to other users, the operating system was closed. Nevertheless, it was completely clear that Apple set the height not only for phones, but also for all other portable devices. And one must thank the person who invented the iPhone – Steven Jobs.
In the new smartphone, the App Store sales platform was built, first demonstrated in 2008, and integrated with the iTunes Store. This gave users a simple way to buy and download applications on their devices and turned the iPhone 3G from a completely separate device into a new platform for software developers. Following this, Google presented its application store on Android (now called Google Play). The mobile revolution hasn’t really started with the first iPhone — it started with the App Store.
The new iPhone 3G provided users with high-speed access to the Internet connection, supported mail download via a mobile GSM quad-band network for transmitting voice and file data worldwide, connected Wi-Fi and 3G networks, and had the ability to automatically switch between them to ensure the most efficient download. The smartphone had extensive functions, so with a 3G iPhone you could browse browser pages, navigation maps or check emails during a call.
The smartphone featured new software with SDK and key corporate functions to provide email correspondence, contact and calendar synchronization, as well as remote wipe.
IPhone 3G included the new App Store, which provides its users with their own applications in various categories, covering all areas of life and business. The App Store worked through the provider’s networks and Wi-Fi, which meant that it was available from almost anywhere. Those who created the iPhone took care of meeting the basic needs of people by launching a unique application platform.
What has changed in the new model of iPhone:
- 3.7 V battery, 1150 mAh;
- 8 and 16 GB flash memory;
- 3G support;
- The presence of a compass;
- App Store.
When the iPhone 3G came out, many noted a minus of the model – low wear resistance of the plastic case. Users complained about scratches and cracks at the connectors.
Apple’s next smartphone came out without significant changes in design. It was equipped with a new iPhone OS 3.0, with over 100 new enhancements. Its speed and processor power was twice as much as the iPhone 3G.
The 3GS model improved the 3-megapixel camera with autofocus, which allowed for automatic macro photography for close-up shots. With the new “click to focus” option, you could touch the screen to select an object or area of interest, and the camera would auto-adjust focus and exposure.
Voice control in the 3GS model offered the option of “speakerphone” for both the phone and the player. To do this, it was necessary to pronounce the corresponding commands in the built-in microphone or headset microphone to dial a call by name or number, play music by artist or album.
The iPhone 3GS was also equipped with the Nike + iPod support program, which made it a convenient companion for sports activities. Users simply put an additional Nike + iPod touch sensor into Nike + sneakers to seamlessly connect to a 3GS smartphone to track their mileage or sync with the latest release.
IPhone 4 was described by manufacturers as the most serious breakthrough since the creation of the first device. The advanced video chat technology and versatile display have made this version the most memorable. Until now, Apple experts and fans nostalgically recall the innovative achievements embodied in this model. The printed text on the new gadget was easy to read and could compare with the small text on the book’s page. Such success did not show any platform in the world.
Using FaceTime was as easy as a regular voice call, without the need for configuration. The presence of the rear camera made it possible for the interlocutor to show what the owner of the device saw.
The iPhone 4 became the thinnest smartphone (9.3 mm) at that time, with an updated design and build technology. The case was made of composite high-tech glass (many times more plastic than its strength), which made it more durable and operationally reliable than previous models. The glass case had a coating that prevented the appearance of prints, which helped keep the gadget in a decent form, and its edging was made of durable tape made from special alloy.
In iPhone 4, users received free access to the iBooks library, which includes an option with which it was possible to purchase and view books on a smartphone. iBooks memorized the place in the text where the reader stopped and synced it along with the bookmarks on all Apple mobile gadgets. IBooks users had the ability to store and read various documents directly in the application.
Those who created the iPhone 4, supplied it with an efficient processor that guaranteed higher gadget performance and battery life. In the iPhone 4, two microphones and specially designed software were installed to silence third-party sounds and improve hearing of a conversation in a noisy environment.
The following changes were made to the new iPhone:
- Camera for video chat;
- Enhanced ordinary rear view camera (lens is noticeably larger than that of the iPhone 3GS)
- Camera flash;
- Micro SIM instead of traditional SIM card;
- The presence of an additional microphone for noise reduction;
- The power, mute and volume buttons are made of metal.
Demonstrating the 4S model, the manufacturers said that it developed more sophisticated software for iOS 5. It provided for the iCloud subsystem, which synchronized the user’s personal content between all Apple gadgets, without resorting to copying them to a computer.
The confidence of fans of iPhones that the new model will have the following sequence number, dispelled the marketing specialist of the company. Presenting users with a new product, he said that all the developers’ efforts were applied precisely to the improvement of the previous model, and now the manufacturer will release a modification of smartphones under the “S” sign.
iOS 5 has been enhanced with more than 200 features, among which Notification Center is a progressive way of reading and managing service notifications in one place, and iMessage is an instant feedback service that allows you to send text, photo and video files between users of this software. IOS 5 got free access iPhones of the previous generation, which allowed them to use the advanced features of the software.
The iPhone 4S was equipped with Siri’s unique “smart” consultant, who is still helping to perform the operations requested by voice. Siri understands the meaning of the request when you assign him a task on general topics. If you ask Siri whether to take an umbrella with you today, you will receive in response a weather forecast. Siri can also remind you of birthdays of friends and family, dial the number of the contact you need, send a letter or message through the instant messenger. Siri is able to create notes, schedule meetings and make notes about them in the work schedule. She will also find the phone of the nearest cafe and other useful services.
The iCloud system in iPhone 4S is an innovative set of free cloud storage. Music files, photo and text documents are placed in the cloud service, which are synchronized with Apple gadgets for storing content with access via iCloud. When changing data on one of them, the rest are updated synchronously.
The manufacturer identified this model of iPhone as a unique composition of leading technologies, computer innovations and stunning design. The combination of performance and intelligent software allowed us to create a product with high-speed connectivity, a great offline resource. All innovations were appreciated by users.
The iPhone 5 is a thin phone with a completely advanced at the time anodized aluminum 7.6-millimeter case, which is significantly lighter than the iPhone 4S. It is capable of maintaining high-speed cellular standards, including LTE, therefore, downloading and transmitting content is more efficient.
The iSight 8-megapixel camera has undergone major changes: it was equipped with a thin crystal lid, which is much stronger than traditional glass. The included “panorama” option made it possible to take panoramic pictures with a clarity of up to 28 MP, smoothly moving the smartphone with the camera on to the sides. Functionally, improved stabilization of the picture, the option of detecting faces and the ability to take photos at the same time as video were included in the video.
With the front camera FaceTime HD, you could take a picture of your interlocutor while chatting through video chat, and also apply it to selfie shots and video with excellent resolution. With iPhone 5, it became possible to send photos to friends and family using iCloud shared content streams.
This year two smartphones were presented at once. The world saw an improved version of the iPhone 5C, which featured the polycarbonate shell of the case. It could be bought in different colors – in five colors.
According to many users, the iPhone 5S has become a work of art, a new achievement for Apple.
In addition to being equipped with a new processor (twice as fast as the iPhone 5), it also had an additional M7 Motion Contro processor, with a Touch ID sensor located on the “Home” button. Access to the device was now possible by fingerprint. The camera phone has a new diaphragm and flash, carried out by LEDs.
The iPhone 5s and iPhone 5c were equipped with iOS 7 software that was perfect at the time – since the appearance of the original iPhone, this was the most revolutionary update.
In iOS 7, completely progressive functionality was included:
- Notification Management Center;
- Safari Browser;
- Internet radio, adapted to the tastes of the owner (iTunes Radio).
The benefits of the iPhone 5s were significant, and included:
- 64 bit A7 chip;
- 8-megapixel iSight camera with flash memory;
- Touch ID sensor is an innovative unlock method.
The iPhone 5c had a recognizable design, a 4 ”display, was equipped with an A6 chip and an 8 megapixel camera. Both models offered more LTE coverage than any other smartphone.
2014: Apple Pay Payments
Equipped with innovations, the iPhone 6 (Plus) contained:
- A8 chip with 64-bit, for efficient and low-cost efficient operation;
- advanced cameras;
- Apple Pay technology payments;
- QuickType keyboard, built-in Health app, and iCloud Drive.
The first time the iPhone was released in two dimensional solutions:
- The iPhone 6 had a 4.7 ”HD screen with high resolution, with a display area 40% higher than the iPhone 5;
- The iPhone 6 Plus had an even larger 5.5 ”HD screen, nearly 90 percent more display area and almost three times the resolution than the iPhone 5.
Both phones had an additional processor that accumulated data from the built-in motion sensors and other applications. All data was saved in the Health app, which the user could see after exercise by controlling the degree of load. The convenience of this process consisted in the fact that data on physical exercises were recorded continuously throughout the day. Therefore, even without playing sports, a person could assess the degree of his load over a certain period of time.
iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus have prepared for their users the Apple Pay application, a completely unique payment system. It consisted in the fact that by activating this option, a person could pay using a smartphone for any goods. By tying the phone to a bank card, one could make a payment by combining the active screen and contactless terminals. It also became convenient to pay in this way for online purchases when scanning a special code. Information about payments and card data was stored inside the iPhone, on a secure chip. This option is activated with a fingerprint.
The changes affected the iPhone 6s, (Plus). Now they touched the 3D Touch system, which responds to the intensity of clicking on the screen. The phones also have an in-built Live Photos application, which “animated” the snapshots. All innovations worked from the A9 chip, which was improved for more productive work of smartphones.
The most interesting innovation was the program Force Touch. The new technological design of the display has been programmed to recognize the degree of pressure on the display sensor. In total, three grades of impact were laid. Depending on the choice of their application, the user could perform various operations on his phone.
The phone interface is enriched with animated wallpaper Motion Wallpapers. This technology was not new, but it was in these models of iPhones that the pictures became bright and full-color compared to similar ones on other mobile platforms.
Another difference was that the developers of the iPhone 6 and 6 Plus focused not on increasing the pixel quality of the cameras, but on tools to improve the quality of the images. Both cameras remained unchanged, the only addition was the installation of a software flash function. She was responsible for shooting parameters in low light conditions.
A bold solution for developers is to remove the headphone jack and invite users to switch to their wireless option. This is convenient when you want to charge the phone without interrupting listening to music. Despite the obvious benefits of the idea, she received an ambiguous reaction from iPhone fans.
However, other innovations reconciled them with such an unconventional verdict. The new iPhone 7 and 7 Plus are resistant to dust and moisture. The smartphone can be placed in water for 30 minutes without the risk of failure.
Another change — the Home button — was now made as a fixed touch surface with tactile feedback. This was supposed to reduce mis-typing errors (a fairly common problem), and besides, application developers were given access to set up feedback templates. The manufacturer also removed the antenna bands from the back of the phone 7, which gave it a more elegant look.
Apple iPhone 7 and iPhone 7 Plus have become the owners of a more powerful processor, the effectiveness of which was rated 40% higher than in the earlier version. Four-core A10 Fusion allowed the device to work much longer in different modes – during autonomous operation and in solving system tasks.
Camera iPhone 7 has become 28mm with increased stabilization, the pictures were more colorful, with deep color saturation, even in dark time or in poorly lit places. The brightness of the images gave the phone a powerful flash, with an increased number of LEDs. Both the rear and front camera have improved resolution, the number of pixels has been increased compared to 6th generation iPhones.
In a presentation speech, Tim Cook indicated that the iPhone 8 and 8 Plus can be considered “a huge leap forward for iPhones.” Two phones “an improved version of everything that we love in the iPhone”, with improved internal elements and appearance. However, the updates made to the iPhone 8 model are not as revolutionary as the changes in the iPhone X. All three latest models of iPhones were presented simultaneously.
The size of the iPhone 8 remained unchanged, it has the same 4.7 “display, and the 8 Plus – 5.52”, like their predecessors. The difference in the displays related to the installed program True Tone (it adapted the screen brightness to the environment).
But in 8 models of the iPhone, a modern six-core processor was installed, which, according to the manufacturer, has become the most intelligent and powerful compared to other platforms. The efficiency of the new processor has become higher by more than 50% in comparison with previous iPhones.
The glass case of the Apple iPhone 8 Plus was chosen in order to be able to technologically wirelessly charge the phone, equipped with certified software. This software allows you to simultaneously charge two phones.
The operating system in the iPhone 8 and 8 Plus received the following changes:
- More detailed maps using Drone data;
- App to share videos using Snapchat;
- The more natural sound of Siri;
- Contact availability status.
As for the iPhone X, it represents the biggest technological leap forward, since the original iPhone was introduced 10 years ago, and model X sets the direction for the next decade of iPhone development.
The progressive unlock method was in Face ID. From then on, the iPhone began to recognize its owner by face (with the help of a front camera, which carried out a volume map of the owner’s face). The uniqueness of this method is provided by an innovative technology using infrared rays to authenticate the “personality” in the dark. Such a voluminous facial recognition technique works in the mode of memorization and learning, so external changes in the face, the presence of glasses or a hat do not affect the identification process. With this feature, which replaced fingerprint recognition, you can activate the smartphone in the mode of payment for purchases or services.
Continuing the description of the iPhone X, it should be noted that it is equipped with the same powerful processor as the iPhones of the 8th generation.
Innovation in the latest devices of iPhones is a rugged smartphone case made of glass, which allowed developers to give it new qualities. High dust and water resistance of devices, the possibility of wireless charging bring these phones to the top of mobile devices.
With the improved design of the iPhone X, there was no room left for the Home button, so there was a need to improve the interface. To open the main screen, you need to navigate to the bottom of the screen, there is also a special function to view notifications The side button activates Siri, and you can go to the Control Center from the top panel.
In the back of the Apple iPhone X 64GB (Silver) installed a vertical 12MP camera equipped with two lenses. The camera is presented with a wide range of features and tools for obtaining higher-quality and scaled images in any light condition. Between the lenses is a powerful flash, equipped with bright LEDs. For portrait photos and selfie, the front camera of the iPhone can adjust the degree of illumination.
It’s been 10 years since Steve Jobs demonstrated the first iPhone. Since then, the smartphone has changed a lot, but the foundation that was laid then ensured that each new iPhone will provide predictably high performance and have a set of functions that would distinguish it, starting with the iOS platform and ending with recognizable design.
Comparing the characteristics of the first and last iPhone models, one cannot help but notice the colossal changes that Apple was able to reproduce in its devices, which made the iPhone the flagship of mobile production.
|RAM memory||3 GB LPDDR4X||128 MB SDRAM|
|Inner memory||256 GB (245 GB available)||16 GB (15 GB available)|
|Thickness||7.7 mm (0.3 inch)||11.6 mm (0.46 in.)|
|Screen resolution||1125 x 2436 pixels||320 x 480 pixels|
|Sharpness of the text and images||463 ICP||165 PPI|
|Screen size||5.8 “||3.5 “|
|Camera||Dual 12 megapixels + 12MP f / 2.4||2 megapixels|
|Battery||2716 mAh||1400 mAh|
|Download speed from the Internet||(4G + LTE-A) 1024 Mbps||(2G EDGE) 0.384 Mbps|
|Water resistant||Ip68 certified||not supported|
Steve Jobs called his creation a “breakthrough Internet communications product.” His invention has changed the perception of the world, the smartphone has become a necessary gadget in work and everyday life.
What did we get?
- iPhone made possible high-speed access to the Internet connection, the solution of urgent tasks, instant information;
- IPhone turned the hobby of photography into a crazed hobby. With the development of social networks, users received a platform for publishing their photos, the ability to share their impressions and joyful moments of life with the help of a phone;
- The AppStore store has provided all applications for making life easier. With their help, you can make financial calculations, watch the weather forecast, play games, buy goods and order services;
- Communication has become more accessible. By installing social networks on a smartphone, people save time on resolving issues, both professional and personal;
- IPhone has made its manufacturer the most expensive company in the world.
It’s hard to predict what the iPhone will bring next time. But one thing is for sure – there will be some kind of amazing edge in it, which ultimately will become an absolutely necessary thing in our life.