Landscape Garden Design Ideas

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 the stages of creation and the cost of the work

What comes to mind when someone mentions the French Versailles, the Netherlands Keukenhof, the Botanical Garden of the Moscow English or Kew gardens? Of course, the splendor of greenery and flowers, simply elegant lines of flowerbeds and lawns, the harmony of large and small forms, from lawn grass to flue up of tree crowns. But how can you do that on a country station? Indeed, in these parks and gardens is one hundred gardeners and design professionals. But remember other examples: the gardens of Claude Monet, Botcharov, Butchart, the Majorelle garden. These gardens were created by one or two people, they were private, but that did not stop them to stand in a number of beautiful gardens in the world [1] along with Versailles, of Exbury and Mirabel. All this became possible thanks to the thoughtful to the last detail landscape design.

Not casually it is considered that the landscape design combines three areas: architecture and design, botany and philosophy [2] . Properly selected and correctly implemented project is not only pleasing to the eye, but also touches a deep chord in the soul. In a beautiful, well-kept garden perfectly have a rest mentally and physically. In addition, the design project will help “expand” the horizons of the site: to link plants and recreation areas so that all have enough space and without losing a sense of air and space.

So, having dealt with the advantages of creating a landscape design of the territory before the holiday home, let’s review all the stages of planning and implementation of ideas.

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The creation of the project landscape design: stage 1

First and foremost you need to decide idea . Whether the garden is a haven for relaxation and contemplation: a pond with koi, bamboo chairs at the shaded area, Playground for meditation. Or, on the contrary, this is the place for fun family and friend gatherings with a BBQ, a swimming pool and a large round table. And can make a choice in favor of this fabulous town maze? It would be so interesting to walk the children (and adults), here and there finding surprises in the form of the rose Bush, bathed in sunlight, a fountain or a summer mini-cinema… depending on the idea is to match the style. Perhaps a discreet in shape and filled with meaning Japanese or Chinese style with bridges and garden stones[3] . Or simply in their part French [4] with the obligatory geometric lawn, gazebo and sheared trees. And can be bright Arab [5] — paved walkways, fountains and climbing flowering plants? Color scheme depends on the preferences of the owners — here, the styles are not so categorical rules.

When the concept is defined, you can create the first plans, sketches plot . They will help to imagine how it will look in design in nature. To compile the sketch you need to measure the perimeter of the site under the master plan, transfer the data to scale on the paper, mark the buildings, and then to draw where you want to lay the track, trees, flower beds, small architectural forms (statues, fountains, etc.). A sketch is a sketch that will allow you to appreciate the harmony of the combination of green and paved areas, adjust if necessary, details ideas.

You must then agree on the sketch topographic plan . The survey produces a surveyor with the help of special instruments — tachometers, levels, electronic roulette etc. On the plan should indicate the elevation at the site, the location of streams, ravines, etc. that allows for example to determine where to do the Alpine slide, a pond, or terraced flower bed. Also on toplane should be marked by communication, which facilitates the watering system and will protect, for example, the gas pipe from damage when digging the ground.

Now comes the turn of compiling centreplane that is the schema of green space on the site. There must be taken into account everything from lawn grasses to conifers and deciduous trees. If the area already has trees, shrubs, flowers — they also need to make a plan. When choosing planting material should be taken into consideration the idea of landscape design. If it’s a Japanese garden — there must be a place for linevideo maple, pine dribnokvitkovi, Sakura (cherry Palmetto), moss and Wisteria. If the project is a European regular garden, can not do without the horse chestnut, yew, lime for the alleys and boxwood for parterre flower beds-fences. The Dutch countryside the garden is unthinkable without the mock orange, lilacs, rhododendrons and, of course, tulips and crocuses all imaginable colors. Dendroplan helps to understand how many and which plants will need to buy, as well as to develop the principle plant host groups: compatibility of sizes, colors, shapes and flowering time.

Simultaneously with the centreplane cook layout drawings [6] includes the following items:

  • Plan paving where indicated the exact location of sites, alleys, walkways, paths that will run through the site. The plan includes not only the number, length and width of the tracks, but their shape and even the type of paving: tiles, stone chips, sand, etc. Here must be specified the amount of required material. Not to be mistaken with the breakdown of the tracks on the ground, should, when planning to use either the coordinate system (divide into squares) or make reference to the center axes of at least two-three points.
In the development center the drawing must specify where the mortgaged communication and consider this factor when planning paths, plantings, installation of small architectural forms. If you need to replace communications that will protect against the hassle associated with the opening of the path, digging up shrubs and demolition of the beloved arbor.
  • Plan of engineering communications which includes a scheme of automatic irrigation, if any, is expected on the site. This placement of water for irrigation, sprinklers, drip irrigation systems, etc. are Also in the plan included a system of storm water drainage systems and drainage ditches.
  • The lighting scheme and decor . Location of electrical panel, power supplies for lighting devices, the location of Autonomous lamps are also important elements to the center of the plan. You need to remember that lighting is not only practical, but also decorative function, underlines the selected style. No less importantly, where you want to install the decorative elements to find out how perfectly they will look in a particular place, and be chosen in accordance with the objects of decoration suitable plants.
  • Planting drawing indicating the exact location of all planting pits for trees, shrubs, bulbs, etc, as we have said, should be consistent with the plan, the pipeline communications. Planting drawing instruction for brigade on the landscaping (or for the green thumb, if it implements the project independently). To avoid errors in translating this part of the plan, it is necessary to specify not only the location of the landing pit, but also its size. It depends on the age and type of seedlings.

Detailed product sheet need for the most accurate calculation of the quantity of each species required for the implementation of the plan of landscaping. If you plan on creating rockeries, flowerbeds with a complex pattern, colorful transitions, “Vale of eternal blossoms” — without product statements a designer like without hands. The statement also takes into account plant height, time of flowering and decorative to after flowering.

Calculate how much planting material you will need and how much soil you need to buy will help carrying a map of the areas of the . It also gives information about the ratio of the areas of buildings, green spaces, paved areas, pools and ponds.

The project must include list of finishing materials and decor to be used during implementation. In the specification indicate the types of materials, their characteristics and approximate costs. This will include information about the costs of finishing and decorative materials in the summary quote . It will include information about the following items:

  • using equipment and technology;
  • the work of specialists and auxiliary workers;
  • materials: soil and concrete for storm drains to paint the garden bench;
  • planting material;
  • decorative items, including small architectural forms (IRF).

All plans in the end are combined into one detailed 3D project taking into account all the nuances of the territory, communications. 3D image will allow the most naturalistic to visualize an idea before its realization.

Site preparation: stage 2

The project is ready and can’t wait to start its execution, but first you need to literally and figuratively to prepare the ground for the future of a beautiful garden. The first thing to do: clear the area of debris and remove it. Debris are not only building waste but also dry or diseased trees, stumps that need uprooting, dry leaves, branches, weeds.

By the way 
Dead trees and branches can be burned directly on the site, and ashes to use as fertilizer for the soil.

Then you need to protect pipework, wooden boards or construction net of plants that persist over time. Also should establish the boundaries for which it is impossible to stop technology, and mark them. After pre vertical layout of the site, dug pits to reservoirs, completely level unwanted hills and ravines on site. Open “trough” for walkways and drainage channels, dig communication trenches. This work usually takes about two weeks and 5-7% of sotovyh cost [7] .

Civil engineering works: stage # 3

The next step will be the laying of communications:

  • water supply and irrigation;
  • drainage system;
  • the water circulation system in the reservoir;
  • the organization of the lighting system, if it depends on energy supply.

At the same time, sleep the “cushion” for paved areas: pads and tracks. Imported soil, if necessary, allocate it to the site and prepare a layout for planting and placement of decor. Then pave the paths and set on the grounds of non-capital construction: arbors, arches, greenhouses, complete the decoration of the ponds. For the realization of this stage may take from several weeks to several months depending on the complexity of the project, square footage and the efficiency of the workers. All these works will eat 30-35% used in the cost of funds [8] .

Stage decoration and installation of small architectural forms: stage # 4

Before planting the plants should finally determine the garden decor: set of fountains and a mini-waterfalls, build and decorate a rock garden or rockery, to place the garden sculptures, tables, chairs, benches, swings, etc. Remember the rule of style, Coco Chanel applied to the garden. Not to overdo the decorating, you need, when work is finished, look at the result and remove the last thing added.

The duration of the stage depends on yourself if the gardener does all the work or attracts experts in landscape design. In the first case, the timeline is limited only by free time of the owner of the garden, and the second takes a few days. The decoration and the LFA is about 10% of the estimate.

Latest fashion trends of landscape decor: dry streams with ornamental bridges and a luminous stone chippings on the paths and flowerbeds. The day the stones look like ordinary gravel, and by night, shining with, turn the garden into a mysterious fairy Kingdom.

Planting: stage # 5

And finally, it’s time for the most pleasant of chores, but would need the biggest costs: planting. For the purchase of planting material and related products, as well as the landing takes almost half of the budget estimates.

First, make planting trees. It is important that the planting hole was 10-15% more than a clod of earth with roots. If needed in the pit to add drainage and fertilizer (but not nitrogen fertiliser!). You need to bury the tree up to the root collar, not above — this can lead to rotting of the base of the trunk and then the entire plant. It is important to thoroughly moisten the ground in the pit: then you should not be afraid to overdo it. High seedlings must tie to the support, but rather to several, so that a strong wind broke them and twisted tree with not yet rooted clod of earth [9] .

Then start to fit less tall shrubs: also in the prepared planting hole. Hedges are best planted in tight (level) the rope — so will adhere to the direction and form. High bushes and put on a stretch that is tied to temporary supports. Supports hammered into the ground at an angle — definitely outside of the root ball. With the aim of preserving moisture, you can mulch the ground around the planted tree. And bear in mind the undesirability of burying the root collar [10] .

After the turn of the shrubs perennial flowering, curly, bulbous flowers. All works are carried out in accordance with the landing diagram. Last planted annuals and creeping plants, lawn grass. All of these actions will take at least a week: time will grow proportionally to the amount of planting material. And finally, the landscaping of the site completed! You can sit in a wicker chair on the terrace, enjoy a well-deserved rest and admire the works of their hands.

The final cost

Imagine the situation: there are two neighbors, each of them on the site just implemented a landscaping project. One of the neighbors was doing all the work — from the sketch to the plants themselves, and the second addressed to a specialized firm. Who among them is saved? In terms of money, both neighbors will spend about the same: around 80-100 thousand rubles per one hundred square meters [11] few will pay more, most likely, the second.

The “independent” grower will not spend the funds to build the project, but will not be able to cut costs with wholesale prices on the materials and building materials, the lack of agreements with subcontractors, delivering the ground or paving the communication. He will also have to privately pay for the services of a land surveyor, a specialist in soil analysis and other third-party experts. At the same time, considering its time and labor costs, as well as correction of the almost inevitable mistakes, the savings comes to more than illusory.

Neighbor, please contact the company which executes turnkey projects, of course, is also not spared from having control over all of the work. However, his personal involvement in the dirty work required, as well as work with numbers, writing, drawing — all of these things either specialists, or utility workers. Perhaps the extra few thousand for a hundred are worth your own peace of mind and a healthy back.

The implementation of the project of landscape design will make a suburban area or a yard of a private home is not only beautiful but also properly organized. So, where is enough space for the active or contemplative rest, and to practice gardening and farming. It is important to properly and consistently implement all phases of the project and to correctly calculate costs. A reasonable solution may be to appeal to a specialized company that performs landscaping turnkey.


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