— When I answered the hotline to the questions of the readers of the publication, said: the huge number of calls was associated with thrush, — says obstetrician-gynaecologist Natalia Fedukovich. — It was found that women do not identify the symptoms of this disease with the diagnosis, often ignore them, hoping that “self-will” or self-medicate. But you can’t do that.
How to identify yeast infection and not to aggravate the disease, and most importantly — how to make it so that the trouble never came back into your life — we will cover in this article.
The enemy must know in person. What is a yeast infection?
Thrush is a kind of fungal infection, which is caused by yeast-like fungi of the genus candida
Normally, the fungus enters into the composition of the microflora of the oral cavity, intestines, vagina, but due to various factors — for example, by reducing the immunity — it multiplies much more. So there is the disease — candidiasis.
There are more than 150 varieties of this fungus. Most of them are pathogenic, meaning they can cause disease.
The most common of candida — candida albicans — is our yeast infection.
All clear. And why is this happening to me?
Factors that accompany a yeast infection, quite a lot:
- lowered immunity;
- inadequate function of the thyroid gland;
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, for example, gastritis, diabetes mellitus;
- avitaminosis or hypovitaminosis;
- the use of antibiotics and steroid hormones.
How thrush is passed:
- Sexual and domestic way. For example, during unprotected intercourse with an untested partner, the swimming pool or sauna, as well as failure to observe the rules of hygiene.
And suddenly it’s not thrush?
To confuse thrush with anything quite difficult, because the symptoms are very noticeable. Just in case, remind them what they are:
- Itching and burning in the vagina and vulva and a rich cheesy discharge from the genital tract.
- Pain when urinating and discomfort during intercourse.
The main symptom in men is a redness on the penis and rash. All this can be accompanied by itching and a touch of white color on the penis.
How serious is it?
Actively multiplying, candida lowers the immune system in the pelvic organs, and thus to thrush can join and other infections. So if you have frequent manifestation of yeast infection, should be examined for hidden infection, sexually transmitted diseases.
Distinguish a candidiasis of internal organs and superficial candidiasis. Candidiasis internal organs is vaginal candidiasis, gastro-intestinal tract, the oral cavity. Superficial candidiasis is a manifestation of the fungus on the skin or in the folds, for example, the corners of the mouth, inguinal folds, under the Breasts in women. Is always accompanied by a rash, often a white coating, and in severe cases, erosive skin lesions. Treatment of candidiasis requires a special dedication, and sometimes money.
What to do now?
The most common way to treat thrush is a candle. But this method for physiological reasons are not always effective. In addition, the fungus has evolved and learned to create biofilms that protect it from the local effects of the medication.
Therefore, along with candles I always recommend taking systemic drugs.
In acute candidiasis:
Should be taken once 150 mg of an antifungal drug of the group triazoles for the treatment and prevention of candidiasis.
In chronic recurrent disease:
You need to repeat the drug after 3 days.
In addition, today there is a kind of vaccination against the thrush — this method is recommended by the world health organization (who). The essence is to receive 150 mg of the antifungal drug of the group triazoles for the treatment and prevention of candidiasis once a week for 6 months.
What else you need to consider
In the treatment of yeast infection need to follow a diet. Limit consumption of sweets, products containing yeast, to refuse alcoholic drinks, and strong tea and coffee, some fruit such as a banana — because of the high content of starch. From vegetables it is necessary to abandon potatoes, pumpkins and corn — for the same reasons.
And what if there is
Lean meats and fish and veggies with a low carb diet. Cucumbers, cabbage, tomatoes, greens — all this will only benefit you.
To accelerate the recovery can and lactose-free dairy products that contain bifidobacteria, for example, kefir or fermented baked milk.
If you are experiencing symptoms that we have listed, be sure to consult your doctor. Diagnosis of candidiasis is very simple — the analysis on the microflora.
But if the yeast infection to come back, then you have a much lowered immunity. You need to also be tested for infections, sexually transmitted infections, namely chlamydia, Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma and viral infections — herpes simplex virus and human papillomavirus.
Don’t forget that while treating candidiasis is necessary to observe pelvic rest, and also to treat the sexual partner.
Do not self-medicate and be healthy!